Research and Publications

SHELTERING WOMEN FROM HARM: DAR-UL-AMANS OF PUNJAB (2016)

In Pakistan, government-run shelter homes for women, the Dar-ul-Amans, pre-date the general international consensus of shelters being a crucial component in any effective response to the universal problem of gender-based violence. The Government of Punjab stands out for expanding the Dar-ul-Aman network to every district and systematically introducing measures to deliver services aligned with international best practices, in particular through revised Guidelines, minimum standards, and complaint mechanisms.

This report is part of continuing efforts to further improve Shelter Home services. It presents the results of a triangulated research comprehensive study of all 35 Dar-ul-Amans (DuAs) in Punjab that engaged residents, staff and other service providers, associated committees, departments, some former residents and community women unconnected to the Shelter Homes. Drawing on previous studies and international best practices, but using the government’s Guidelines and minimum standards as the yardstick, the study gauged responsiveness to the needs of women seeking Shelter Homes in terms of physical facilities, legal and socio-medical care, as well as security of person. On this basis, it forwards a series of recommendations to further improve standards and give effect to the guidelines.
 
EVALUATING 2015 LEGAL REFORMS RELATED TO LAND INHERITANCE AND THEIR IMPACT ON WOMEN
The question of access to land for women has been considered frequently by observers and academics in Pakistan. Constrained access to land negatively impacts women’s empowerment in Pakistan, which results in their lack of development in all spheres of life. Although land redistribution is a big issue in terms of raising rural households in Pakistan out of poverty, it is even more important when we consider women’s empowerment. To own land is the only means they may have to economically empower themselves which will ultimately lead to their development not only in the economic sphere but also within the spheres of social and political development. 
 
 

WOMEN IN PUNJAB PRISONS (DESK REVIEW)

Women in Punjab Prisons presents an assessment of the literature on conditions of women in Punjab prisons, and a review of prison policies. It was conducted by the Punjab Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW) to fulfill its mandate that requires the Commission to "inspect any jail, sub-jail or other places of custody, where women and girls are kept" and "make appropriate recommendations to the concerned authority or agency" (PCSW Act Section 9(2)).
 
The study was based on an in-depth analysis of prison rules, a desk review of published and unpublished material including academic publications, international and local NGO assessments, newspaper articles, government reports, and legal petitions filed with the Lahore High Court; a series of key informant interviews; visit of a district jail; and observations of Sessions Court and High Court in Lahore. Study limitations included lack of access to jails and limited availability of data on prisoners and jail facilities.

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PUNJAB GENDER PARITY REPORT (PGPR) 2016
The Punjab Gender Parity Report (PGPR) is the first of its kind document that will serve as a comprehensive analytical aid for women rights in Punjab. The aim of the PGPR is to highlight major areas of concern with regard to women’s rights. Recommendations have also been given at the end of each chapter with an aim to improve the situation in areas where significant disparity is noted. Data collection will be a continuous process and information will be collected in the Gender MIS throughout the year. With a regular data collection system in place, subsequent PGPRs will have an even better comparative foundation and will be more comprehensive every year.

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the right direction. It is a document that will serve as a comprehensive
analytical aid for women rights in Punjab. The Gender Management
Information System will serve as a repository of the data, a comprehensive
web-based databank that will complement the report. The aim of the
PGPR is to highlight major areas of concern with regard to women’s rights.
Recommendations have also been given at the end of each chapter with
an aim to improve the situation in areas where significant disparity is
noted. Data collection will be a continuous process and information will
be collected in the Gender MIS throughout the year. With a regular data
collection system in place, subsequent PGPRs will have an even better
comparative foundation and will be more comprehensive every year.

GENDER MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
Punjab Commission on the Status of Women is mandated to sponsor, steer and encourage research to generate information, analysis and studies and maintain a database relating to women and gender issues to provide knowledge and awareness for provincial policy and strategic action for women empowerment. Towards this end, the PCSW has undertaken to prepare an annual gender parity report that reflects the status of women in Punjab and the status of access to rights and services, especially those provided for in the Punjab Women’s  Empowerment Package and Initiatives 2012 and 2014.

To achieve accurate reporting on women’s status and issues, the Commission is creating a Gender Management Information System (GMIS) that will capture information on key indicators for women, including education, health, population, inheritance, employment, violence against women, implementation of PWEP 2012 etc. GMIS is envisioned as a computerized database of women related statistics/information organized and programmed in such a way that it produces regular analysis and reports on the status of women in Punjab for the decision makers at the provincial and district levels. Geo-spatial mapping of data will permit visual depiction of the status of women to decision makers in the province and in the districts.
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RESEARCH ON EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN IN PUNJAB FORMAL PRIVATE SECTOR
It is difficult to promote women’s employment and decent work due to serious gaps in information available on the numbers, working conditions, access to social protection and, enforcement of adequate labour standards for women in Pakistan. Lack of detailed and disaggregated labour market information makes it difficult to understand the legal status of workers, conditions of employment and challenges to their progress to management and ownership positions. The Commission has undertaken the proposed research in keeping with the mandate and functions of the PCSW.

Key areas to be covered in the research include:

  • Typology of industries employing women a current occupational categories
  • Status (Numbers in selected sectors, on contract or permanent income disparity)
  • Regulation governing private sector
  • Possible increasing programems to increase numbers & existing measures to improve women's status in private employment.

PUNJAB LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTION MONITORING REPORT 2015
Between October and December 2015, Punjab Commission on the Status of Women monitored local body elections in districts across Punjab from women's perspective to observe any infringement of the political rights of women or incidents of election related violence against women. The Commission had also advertised SMS # 0321-4724161 and email ID comp.pcsw@punjab.gov.pk for reporting of election related violence or any other incident where women are deprived of their political rights.
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INSPECTION REPORT FOR CENTRAL JAIL GUJRANWALA UNDER THE JOINT COLLABORATION OF PCSW AND JUSTICE MANSOOR ALI SHAH
An Inspection Report for Central Jail Gujranwala was published by Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah, Lahore High Court and developed in collaboration with Punjab Commission on the Status of Women, the District and Session Judge Gujranwala, as well as leading medical, financial and governance experts. The Report highlights achievements and lacunas in the areas of governance, overcrowding, food, medical facilities, finance/budget and vocational training for inmates. It provides a number of recommendations to improve conditions in the jail, based on these observations, including the need for psychological care, physical exercise, improved diet, conjugal visits, and vocational trainings for female prisoners. Punjab Commission on the Status of Women focus was on assessing the conditions for women priosoners and, efforts towards their rehabiliation and empowerment.
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