National and International Commitments

<h3 class="rtejustify">Universal Declaration of Human Rights</h3>

<p class="rtejustify">Pakistan is a member of the United Nations and is a party to the&nbsp; <a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/UDHR/Pages/Introduction.aspx" target="_blank">Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948</a>.</p>

<h3 class="rtejustify">Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women</h3>

<p class="rtejustify">In 1985, Pakistan became a party to the <a href="http://www.un.org/womenwatch/confer/nfls/" target="_blank">Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women.</a></p>

<h3 class="rtejustify">ICPD, ICESCR and ICCPR</h3>

<p class="rtejustify">Pakistan is a signatory of the ICPD (<a href="http://www.unfpa.org/icpd" target="_blank">International Conference on Population and Development</a>), ICESCR (<a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CESCR.aspx" target="_blank">International Covenant on Economics, Social and Cultural Rights</a>) and ICCPR (<a href="http://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/ccpr.aspx" target="_blank">International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights</a>). These international agendas contain important clauses with respect to gender equality.</p>

<h3 class="rtejustify">Vienna Declaration</h3>

<p class="rtejustify">In 1993, Pakistan recognized that "women's rights are human rights" in the <a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/Vienna.aspx" target="_blank">Vienna Declaration and Program of Action.</a></p>

<h3 class="rtejustify">Beijing Declaration</h3>

<p class="rtejustify">Pakistan became a signatory of the<a href="http://beijing20.unwomen.org/en/about" target="_blank"> Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action</a> in 1995.</p>

<h3 class="rtejustify">CEDAW</h3>

<p class="rtejustify">In 1996, Pakistan ratified the <a href="http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw" target="_blank">Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women</a>. A presentation on the implementation of CEDAW can be found here.</p>

<h3 class="rtejustify">GSP Plus Status</h3>

<p class="rtejustify">Pakistan was given the GSP+ status in the <a href="http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/development/gener..." target="_blank">Generalised Scheme of Preferences</a> by the EU. This is a scheme of tariff preferences which makes Pakistan's trade with EU conditional to an unqualified commitment for ratification and implementation of 27 international conventions.</p>

<h3 class="rtejustify">National Plan of Action and National Policy on Development and Empowerment of Women</h3>

<p class="rtejustify">At the national level, Pakistan undertook two commitments - National Plan of Action for Women in 1998 and National Policy on the Development and Empowerment of Women 2002.</p>